While there are standard procedures for the material identification, exposure-, hazard-, and risk assessment for traditional chemicals, it is not yet clear how these procedures need to be modified, or renewed to address all the novel properties of nanomaterials. There is a need to evaluate and develop specific reference methods for all the fundamental steps in managing the potential risk of ENM. The aim of MARINA is to develop and validate the Risk Management Methods for Nanomaterials. To do this, MARINA will address the four central themes for the Risk Assessment and Management of Nanomaterials: Materials, Exposure, Hazard, and Risk. In MARINA we will develop beyond-state-of-the-art referential tools from each of these themes and integrate them into a Risk Management Toolbox and Strategy for both human and environmental health. Specifically, MARINA will use and develop
- a well tested set of reference nanomaterials with thoroughly validated referential characterisation methods (WP3-4).
- methods to further understand the properties, interaction, exposure, and fate of ENM in relation to human health and the quality of the environment (WP5-8).
- validated, harmonised, and standardised reference methods for hazard assessment for both human health and environment culminating in an integrated/intelligent testing strategy (WP9-11).
- risk assessment tools by combining elements of (i), (ii) and (iii); strategies for monitoring ENM exposure for human health and environment (including estimating the size and possible pollution scenario caused by massive release, e.g. explosion or environmental spillage), and integrate them into a risk management toolbox and strategy for risk reduction (WP12-15).
In additon, MARINA uses case studies to illustrate the use of the MARINA referential risk management tools.